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Vascular Dementia


Vascular dementia, after Alzheimer's disease, is the most common cause of dementia.

Although it cannot be cured, an early diagnosis is essential as treatment can be effective and can potentially slow the degeneration.

What are the causes of vascular dementia?

The body’s blood vessels are collectively called the vascular system. If the brain’s vascular system is damaged and blood cannot reach individual brain cells, these will eventually die, resulting in what we call vascular dementia.

Risk factors that may cause or accelerate damage to the brain’s vascular system include:

  • Vascular-related problems including strokes, high blood pressure, heart problems, high cholesterol, diabetes (especially type II) and sleep apnoea (where your breathing stops during sleep).
  • Lifestyle factors such as low exercise levels, heavy drinking, smoking, a fatty diet or neglect of medical conditions.
  • Hereditary factors – a family history of strokes or vascular dementia.
  • Ethnic background – Indian, Bangladeshi, Pakistani, Sri Lankan and African-Caribbean people may be more susceptible.

Strokes and vascular dementia

Single major strokes are a leading cause of vascular dementia – in this case known as ‘single-infarct’ dementia.

A series of minor strokes can have the same result – and can be so tiny that the sufferer may not even be aware of them happening. This can lead to ‘multi-infarct’ dementia.

Small vessel disease-related dementia
This is caused by damage to the tiny bloody vessels that lie deep in the brain. Symptoms appear gradually and may be accompanied by problems with walking.

The importance of getting a professional diagnosis
Diagnosis is essential to discovering whether the cause of the symptoms is curable or not. Also, the sooner the cause is identified – whether vascular dementia or something else – the more effective treatment could be and the slower the subsequent degeneration.

A positive diagnosis will also open the door to support services geared to dementia sufferers and their carers and allow the individual and their family to plan for the future.

Once referred to a qualified specialist, testing will include cognitive tests, an investigation of lifestyle factors, medical history and family history and, if necessary, brain scans. It’s also very helpful for a family member to attend to provide verification or additional information about particular symptoms.

What kind of treatments are there for vascular dementia?

While vascular dementia cannot be reversed, there are ways to slow down its advance:

  • Strokes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes and heart problems can all be treated with medication.
  • Lifestyle improvements include stopping smoking, decreasing alcohol intake, improving one’s diet and taking regular exercise.
  • Physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy can help a sufferer live a more normal, active life.

Our services are confidential and adhere to GDPR guidelines as well as the confidentiality requirements of all UK regulatory and professional bodies.

We focus on getting you the right remote or online help anywhere in the country in the comfort of your home. Our service integrates with other forms of ongoing health and mental care being provided by others e.g. GP, hospital, voluntary sector, etc.

Our Approach

Our team will work with you from your initial assessment, diagnosis, and treatment. At each step we take time with you to reflect, reassess and refocus to ensure that you are heading towards to lifestyle that you desire.

Initial Assessment

Get the right assessment, diagnosis and a holistic treatment plan tailored to you.


Be prescribed the right medical care to treat the symptoms restricting your life.


Understand your condition, work alongside our specialists and with your body and mind to prevent your symptoms from dominating your life.


Speak with our Experienced Mental Health Support Team

Book an initial assessment and attend your first appointment from the comfort of your home. We offer various payment plans to suit your needs.


About Us
Our mission is to help you to live a healthy future free from mental health symptoms. Our highly trained psychologists and psychiatrists each have their own specialisms, and all pull together to provide a tailored service to cater to your individual needs.


Our Customised Approach

1. Work with you to do a thorough assessment leading to a tailored treatment plan that we we will update together as your treatment progresses.

2. Ongoing assessment of the right medical care to treat your symptoms. Helping you to live a more fulfilled life.

3. Preventing your symptoms from controlling your life and allowing you to take control and grow.

Why Health Choices Global?

  • We provide national coverage across the UK covering all spectrums of mental health.
  • Our Mental Health Support teamwork with you throughout your journey to achieve the results that you desire. Transforming quality of life and family life.
  • We’re available 7 days a week providing remote appointments that are non-restrictive and give you the privacy and assurance building trust.
  • Our team are members of the Royal College of Psychiatrists.